The Astore Valley: A historical paradise in Pakistan

By Joan Torres 25 Comments Last updated on April 24, 2023

The Astore river

Wanna travel to Pakistan with Against the Compass?

We have one scheduled expedition this summer to North Pakistan. 14 days driving the Karakoram Highway, and exploring offbeat valleys of Shimshal and Astore.

August 13th to 26th

The sky was gray but the sound of the current, produced by the thawing glaciers, announced the arrival of summer. A group of engineers, who were governmental employees, allowed me to stay at their shack. I woke up with the sunrise and the sound of the teapot being heated up. The wave of spring-like cold did not prevent me going outside to gaze at the sublime landscape.

My mouth was extremely dry, as I was drinking my second cup of tea with salt and my third piece of plain, dry paratha (a local bread), the traditional, regional breakfast. However, I didn’t care much about it, as I was at the heart and remotest part of the Astore Valley, a paradise with a strong historical symbolism, which only a few foreigners have ever visited.

For more places to visit, read my 1-month Pakistan itinerary

The Astore Valley: A historical paradise in Pakistan

Astore, a valley 120km long with an area of 5,000km2, is located in the north of Pakistan, in Gilgit-Baltistan state. The valley is at the eastern face of Nanga Parbat, a peak 8,125 high, often called the Killer Mountain, as it is considered one of the most dangerous mountains in the world to climb.

The Easter face of Nanga Parbat, a peak of 8,125 meters high
The Easter face of Nanga Parbat, a peak of 8,125 meters high

The landscape that makes up the valley is not only of a colossal beauty but is also, composed of large geographic variety and contrasts, offering the adventurous traveler endless trekking options, as well as the opportunity to get immersed in a culture which not many tourists have ever had the chance to experience.

Given its huge dimensions, it would take ages to explore the valley entirely. Some local Pakistanis claim that Deosai Plains, Rama Lake and Rupal are the places that you should visit. However, whereas it’s true that these places have a natural beauty, they also tend to be the most commercial ones, as they get swamped with local tourists during high season.

That being said, as an independent traveler and a lover of authentic experiences, in my opinion, the trading route that connected Gilgit-Baltistan with the Indian subcontinent is, by far, the itinerary that offers the most interesting perspective.

For centuries, this route was used as a commercial connection between Gilgit and the region of Kashmir. The Gibians used to go to Srinagar (the main city in Kashmir) to study, as well as importing a wide variety of products, such as the famous Kashmiri fabrics.

The ancient trading route that connected Gilgit-Baltistan with the Indian subcontinent
The ancient trading route that connected Gilgit-Baltistan with the Indian subcontinent
The end of the route, very close to Kashmir. After a couple of meters, the road was blocked by the snow

Astore Map: The three red markers belong to Rupal, Rama Lake and Deosai Plains, the most touristic places in the valley. The blue markers belong to the trading route that leads to Kashmir.

Since, down the generations, several groups have passed through Astore, today the valley enjoys a large linguistic and cultural diversity, Shina* being the most common language, including a significant quantity of Kashmiri people, who decided to settle down in these mountains.

Note: Shina is one of the many languages spoken in Gilgit-Baltistan, a region which is home to an endless number of ethnicities and cultures. The people in Gilgit-Baltistan are ethnically and culturally closer to Central Asia (Afghanistan and Tajikistan, especially) than the rest of Pakistan.

People of pakistan
One of my favorite pics ever
Astore kids
Astore kids

This big movement of people is, probably, one of the reasons why the Astore Valley is one of the few places in Gilgit-Baltistan where Sunni Muslims are the majority, belonging to the Wahhabi branch, the most conservative wing of Islam.

When I arrived in some remote village, suddenly all the women ran inside their houses, as they feared a foreigner seeing their faces. The men from the village approached me, shook my hand and, kindly, asked me to leave.

Just a random dude

Yeah, all this cultural and historical background is pretty interesting but, it turns out that this valley has much more to offer. On this route, which basically follows the flow of the Astore River, the landscape changes drastically every few kilometers.

Arid plains, from which big, sharp, rocky mountains appear, on both sides are the characteristic landscape from the beginning of the valley. Just walk a little bit further and the arid landscape turns into green, fertile meadows with incredible views to the Nanga Parbat, a 8,125 meters summit.

Keep following the river and the valley adopts a more alpine character, the temperature drops and, by the end of the route, you will find yourself walking among glaciers. The nature of Astore is wild and aggressive, as everything is made on a giant scale. This is a real blessing for your eyes.

Astore city, Pakistan
The beginning of the valley
The Astore Valley
Walking around the valley
Glaciers, Astore Valley, Pakistan
Walking among glaciers

After Astore city (the capital), most of the valley is so remote that the only way to contact the outside world is through a land phone. Here, mobile phones don’t exist. In winter, which runs from the end of October until March, Astore becomes totally isolated, since all the roads are blocked by tons of snow. However, despite this isolation, Astore has a population of over 70,000 inhabitants, spread across more than 100 villages.

Astore Valley villagers
Astore Valley villagers
Road trip Gilgit-Baltistan
In the Astore Valley, you find some of the most scenic road trips

Many of these villagers have never seen or talked to a foreigner, which means that the famous Pakistani hospitality gets multiplied one hundred-fold. You won’t only have your stomach filled with plenty of tea and dal (lentils) but you might also be invited to their home to sleep.

The inhabitants of the remotest areas of Astore are simple people who carry a life of self-subsistence but, for their own pride, they’d rather starve than not offer you a meal. And this is the actual, real truth.

An old man preparing me some good tea

More information

How to get there

Hiring a Jeep The valley is only and exclusively accessible by four-wheel-drive vehicles. If you can afford it, your best option would be renting a Jeep. The price will depend on your negotiation skills but you won’t be paying less than $50 or $60 a day.

Public transport – If time is not a problem for you, public transportation is a feasible option. From Gilgit city, there are some old 4×4 pickups leaving for the city of Astore, the point of access to the valley. The journey takes 4-5 hours and be aware that you’ll travel with twenty other people on the back of the car, plus all their belongings.

There are no pre-defined schedules. Just try to go one day before to the bus station and ask for approximate timings. However, based on my own experience, be prepared that they may leave up to 3 hours late. From the city of Astore, there are other 4×4 pickups that follow the road to Kashmir. Again, timings are uncertain and, to be very honest, I feel that hitchhiking is much easier.

Where to go

The good news is that, in order to enjoy the valley, you don’t need to go very far away from the main road. Actually, practically all my pictures were taken from the road, as this is the historical route you need to follow.

From Astore, I went to Dar Lay lake, located 5 or 6 hours towards Kashmir. I used that place as a base and, from there, I did day walks in different directions. When I came back to Astore, I stopped in those places that seemed to be interesting.

Dar Lay lake, Astore Valley
Dar Lay lake

Where to sleep

Except in the main city of Astore, which is the access point to the valley and a place of small interest, there are no hotels. A tent is a must. Nevertheless, if you try to mingle with the locals, it’s very likely that they will invite you to stay in their houses.

How many days are needed?

Distances are relatively short but, given the road conditions, cars don’t travel faster than 10km/h. If you travel in your own Jeep, you should stay there for at least 4 days in order to enjoy the valley at its best. If you travel by public transportation, you should add 2 or 3 more extra days.

More information for visiting Astore Valley

Don’t forget to check our travel guide to Pakistan.

As well as all our Pakistan articles:


Halloo dear.. i am planning to visit astore with my family in furst week of May.
Which weather is in may, its greenery or dry weather? I want to go deosai, burzill pass, minimerg and domel.. its possible to get 4×4 without driver? Share your watsapp number if you have to planned my tour…

The best month to visit Astore valley is July .
You can go deosai , burzil pass , kalapani in July

Hello Mr. Author.
I felt too good reading your Astore visit.
I shall be highly grateful to you if we can contact over social media or email.

A very precise introduction to the area enticing the reader to explore on his own lured by the practical information provided. Kudos to this visitor to my land.

Hi Joan,
Thanks for sharing – Quite an amazing experience !
I was in Ladakh a few years ago, and it reminds me a lot of what you describe – much, much more touristy, though…
I would love to go back to Pakistan… This is great inspiration.
Cheers, Gilles

Hi Gilles! Yhanks for your comment man! I agree that Ladakh has a lot of tourists but if you get away from the most common spots and go trekking to remote areas, you won’t find much tourists! You should definitely go back to Pakistan! It’s awesomely cheap! 🙂

This is really interesting… I’ve been telling people for a while that I want to take a long trip to visit central Asia (or, rather “all 7 of the countries that end with –stan”). Was it just the one village where the women ran and hid? Or did you find that was common? You mention that many villagers hadn’t seen foreigners – did you find that people were confused as to why you were there, or they figured that you were doing the trail?

Hi, Katie. It happened to quite a lot of places. Pakistan is a very diverse country. You can find ultra-conservative areas where women wear the Afghan burqa and some provinces where people barely follow Islam. Regarding your second question, it was actually kind of funny. During that trek, when I was meeting those people who had never seen a foreigner, they were just looking at me sort of confused. I was telling them that I was from Spain but these people, don’t know anything beyond their valley, so they just didn’t know what was going on. I encourage you to travel to the -istans. They are fascinating and wild countries!

Hey man, your comment went to the spam folder for some reason. Thanks for sharing your guide. I had actually read it from before 🙂 Cheers mate

Hi Joan,

I love these photos; especially the shot of the random dude. Pakistan looks more appealing every time I see an eye-popping blog post like this one, with all your beautiful images. I also have many blog readers from Pakistan who have offered me free lodging 😉 Thanks for sharing.


Hey Ryan, yeah, I think that, slowly, Pakistan is being added to the bucket list of a lot of people! And I’m not surprised at all when your PK readers say that they can host you for free. When you are in PK itself, they tell you so many times and days that, in the end, you have to say because you need some privacy! 🙂 I hope you make it there one day. Enjoy!

I’m renting a Jeep to explore around Astore. Originally I was going to ask the driver to leave me in Astore to catch a ride onward to Gilgit after I’m done exploring the areas around there. How easy is it to find a ride towards KKH and Gilgit from there? Or am I better off paying extra to have the driver take me all the way to KKH or Gilgit? Food wise, do I need to pack everything in or can I rely on whatever I can get there? The places along your blue pins, did you need any special permits? Or is it ok as long as you don’t go as far as Minimarg? Also, for a solo woman, will it be a problem in some of these places?
Thank you!

Hi Lywen,
– You should be able to catch a ride, either hitchhiking or a taxi
– I didn’t see any restaurant. We brought supplies and since I went with Pakistanis, they knew people and ate at their houses
– No permits
– Well, it is a very conservative place, I can’t tell. You may ask some of the female bloggers out there

Hi Joan’
I am very pleased after reading all your experience at Astore valley. I also belong to the same Valley, live near the main Bazar of Astore.. I wish I were there when you visit my Valley, believe me I would serve you a lot …may you live long Dear..

Thank you so much for information . I am from astore you reveal all the truths about Astore . Once again thanks 👍

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